Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% (130 square kilometres or 50 square miles).Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore in 1819 .Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub.
Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate , with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall. Temperatures usually range from 22 to 35 °C (72 to 95 °F). While temperature does not vary greatly throughout the year, there is a wetter monsoon season from November to January,From July to October, there is often haze caused by bush fires in neighbouring Indonesia, usually from the island of Sumatra,Although Singapore does not observe daylight saving time (DST), it follows the GMT+8 time zone, one hour ahead of the typical zone for its geographical location..
Transport within Singapore is mainly land-based. Many parts of Singapore, including certain islands such as Sentosa and Jurong Island are accessible by road. The other major form of transportation within Singapore is rail: the Mass Rapid Transit which runs the length and width of Singapore, and the Light Rail Transit which runs within a few neighbourhoods. The main island of Singapore is connected to the other islands by ferryboat services.Singapore also has a great deal of links to Singapore has one of the most cost-efficient public transport networks in the world, according to a study by London consulting firm Credo. Public transport covers a variety of transport modes such as bus, rail, and taxi.
Singapore has four official languages: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil,English is the common language, and is the language of business, government, and the medium of instruction in schools.,Singaporeans are mostly bilingual, with English as their common language and usually the mother-tongue as a second language taught in schools, in order to preserve each individual's ethnic identity and values.The official languages amongst Singaporeans are English (80% literacy), Mandarin (65% literacy), Malay (17% literacy), and Tamil (4% literacy)Singapore English is the English language spoken in Singapore, of which there are two main forms, Standard Singapore English and Singapore Colloquial English (better known as Singlish)
The politics of Singapore takes the form of a parliamentary representative democratic republic whereby the President of Singapore is the head of state, the Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the cabinet from the parliament, and to a lesser extent, the President. Cabinet has the general direction and control of the Government and is accountable,to Parliament. There are three separate branches of government: the legislature, executive and judiciary, though not necessarily meaning that there is a separation of power, but abiding by the Westminster system.Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Singapore. The legislature is the parliament, which consists of the president as its head and a single chamber whose members are elected by popular vote. The role of the president as the head of state has been, historically, largely ceremonial although the constitution was amended in 1991 to give the president some veto powers in a few key decisions such as the use of the national reserves and the appointment of key judiciary, Civil Service and Singapore Armed Forces posts. He also exercises powers over civil service appointments and national security matters.
Singapore is a top-ranking education hub, which provides students an international perspective and variety of options. From an internationally recognized public school system to top notch universities, Singapore provides a comprehensive education system.
Tuition fees are affordable and the cost of living in Singapore is significantly lower than many developed countries. Financial assistance is being provided in the form of scholarships, bursaries and student grants and loans.
Singapore is well connected via sea, air and telecommunications to all regions of the globe. An integrated transport system of air-conditioned bus services, Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) lines and affordable taxis makes it extremely comfortable and cheap to travel in and around Singapore. Students get concession on MRT and public buses.
Singapore is consistently recognized to be a global business hub with its developed infrastructure, political stability and open business policy. The World Bank rates it amongst the top countries to do business while the Swiss-based World Economic Forum rates it as having one of the most stable economic systems in the globe. Singapore offers limitless career and networking possibilities to international citizens
Singapore may appear like a little dot on the world map, but bustles all over with attractions and activities. The country's affluent multicultural heritage is highlighted through the several cultural groups such as Indians, Chinese, Malays, and Eurasians living together harmoniously.
Of all the four Asian tiger economies, Singapore is probably the easiest for students from overseas to adjust to.Although dented by the recession in the early part of the century, the economy has rebounded strongly and it is described as the world’s fourth financial centre, while its port is one of the five busiest ports in the world. The International Monetary Fund has rated it the third highest country in terms of per capita income.