United Kingdom

COUNTRY INFORMATION

Introduction

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the UK includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the UK is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.5 million inhabitants in 2016.

Climate

The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The temperature varies with the seasons seldom dropping below −11 °C (12 °F) or rising above 35 °C (95 °F). The prevailing wind is from the south-west and bears frequent spells of mild and wet weather from the Atlantic Ocean, although the eastern parts are mostly sheltered from this wind since the majority of the rain falls over the western regions the eastern parts are therefore the driest. Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream, bring mild winters; especially in the west where winters are wet and even more so over high ground. Summers are warmest in the south-east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north. Heavy snowfall can occur in winter and early spring on high ground, and occasionally settles to great depth away from the hills.

Language

The UK's de facto official language is English. It is estimated that 95% of the UK's population are monolingual English speakers.5.5% of the population are estimated to speak languages brought to the UK as a result of relatively recent immigration. South Asian languages, including Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil and Gujarati, are the largest grouping and are spoken by 2.7% of the UK population. According to the 2011 census, Polish has become the second-largest language spoken in England and has 546,000 speakers.

Transportation

The various public transportation options in the United Kingdom offer you a lot of ways of getting around. You can travel by train, bus, ferry, or taxi. 

Politics

The United Kingdom is a unitary state under a constitutional monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II has been the monarch and head of state of the UK, as well as Queen of fifteen other independent Commonwealth countries. The monarch has "the right to be consulted, the right to encourage, and the right to warn". The Constitution of the United Kingdom is uncodified and consists mostly of a collection of disparate written sources, including statutes, judge-made case law and international treaties, together with constitutional conventions. As there is no technical difference between ordinary statutes and "constitutional law", the UK Parliament can perform "constitutional reform" simply by passing Acts of Parliament, and thus has the political power to change or abolish almost any written or unwritten element of the constitution. However, no Parliament can pass laws that future Parliaments cannot change.

Visa  

GSV(Tier 4 General Study Visa)

STSV(Short term Study Visa) 


REASON TO STUDY IN UNITED KINGDOM

1. Cheap cost of living

UK universities are regularly featured in ranking league tables such as The Times’ Higher Education Rankings and the QS World Rankings. Many UK universities are featured in the rankings, with at least a third of the top 10 comprising of UK universities. Often the University of Cambridge, which is one of the oldest and most respected UK universities, holds the top spot.

2. Excellent education institutions

"The courses and the qualifications offered in the UK are internationally recognised and highly regarded by employers around the world. A qualification from a well-respected UK university is likely to give you the edge when pursuing employment opportunities in the future. Recent changes to student visas mean that only recognised universities that offer quality courses are able to enrol international students. This ensures that you will receive the best education for your tuition fee."

3. Large Student Population

"The UK has a large international student population, increasing year on year. 2009/2010 saw the number increase by 10% to 405,810. For postgraduate courses, international students make up the majority percentage. With almost half a million international students you are certain to be studying with like-minded people from a variety of cultures and backgrounds."

4. Culturally Diverse

"The United Kingdom is a friendly and tolerant place rich with diverse cultures. There are many international communities, especially in big cities, which provide a familiar and homely environment for inhabitants, offering both new experiences and the ability to share culture with the rest of the UK.

No matter what your culture or religion you will receive a friendly reception. Not only that but the UK also caters for your religious requirements, such as places of worship, and often provides translated documentation should you require it."

5. Opportunities to Work

"The UK student visa allows you to work for up to 20 hours per week, thus giving you the opportunity to earn some much needed funds to help with your study and living costs. The UK operates a minimum wage, which depending on your age means you are guaranteed a minimum hourly rate for your work. If you are over 21 that is £6.08 per hour, meaning you can earn at minimum £121.60 per week, before any deductions such as tax."

6. An Historic Land 

The United Kingdom is steeped in history and makes for an extremely interesting place to live and study. With its many historic buildings, like castles, and historic towns there is always plenty to see and do.                      

7. Gateway to Europe

Thanks to the UK’s transport links with the rest of Europe you can be in Paris in less than two and a half hours by Eurostar.

8. Cheapest of the Big 3 Destinations

"Out of the ‘big 3’ destinations (Australia, the USA, the UK) the UK is the cheapest. Tuition fees in the UK are substantially cheaper than in the USA and Australia, from £10,000+ compared to £12,000+ for the US, and £13,000+ for Australia. More importantly, the financial proof requirement for a UK visa is less. This is the amount of money you are required to prove you have available in order to qualify for a student visa. In the UK this is £16,000+ compared to £18,000+ for the US and £25,000+ for Australia."

9. Free Healthcare for the Duration of Your Study    

"If you are studying in the UK for more than 6 months you are entitled to full NHS healthcare coverage. This means that, should you require emergency healthcare, you do not have to worry about any financial implications. Healthcare in the UK includes anything from consultations with a GP (General Practitioner), family planning, to major surgery. Most universities have an on campus doctors’ surgery."                                                        

10. Olympic Hosts

"In 2012 the United Kingdom will host the Olympic Games. This has resulted in large investment and regeneration and development of many major areas of London. The presence of the Olympics also means that there are many job opportunities for the lead-up to and duration of the event. If you have applied to study in the UK in 2012 you should expect the Olympic Games to have a major impact on the UK. The United Kingdom will be very much in the international spotlight. If you need any more reasons to study in the UK you will find StudyLink’s UK Universities & Studying in the UK guide very helpful. If you can think of any other reasons why the UK is the perfect place to study be sure to leave a comment below."


 


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